Melghat Tiger Reserve
Melghat Tiger Reserve is one of the oldest tiger reserves in India. It is located in the northern part of Amravati district in Maharashtra. The Tapti river and the Gawilgarh ridge of the Satpura range form the boundaries of this reserve.
Melghat was established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1967, and declared a Tiger Reserve in 1974. It was one of the first nine tiger reserves that were notified in 1973-74 under 'Project Tiger', a conservation project to protect India's Bengal tigers.
Gugamal National Park, which forms a part of the reserve, has an area of 361.28 sq km (square kilometers). The wildlife sanctuary covers 788.28 sq km. The total area of Melghat Tiger Reserve is 1597.23 sq km.
The fauna found here includes the tiger, leopard, sloth bear, wild dog, jackal, sambar, gaur, barking deer, nilgai, chital, chausingha, ratel, flying squirrel, wild boar, langur, rhesus monkey, porcupine, pangolin, mouse deer, python, otter and black-naped hare.
Melghat Wildlife Sanctuary remains open from October to June. However, safaris are allowed only between December and June. The nearest airport is Nagpur, which is 102 km (kilometers) away. Badnera is the nearest railhead (110 km). The reserve is also well-connected to the major cities of Maharashtra state.